Ubuntu is inarguably the most popular Linux distro out there that is known for its user-friendliness and versatility. Based on Debian, this software is a favorite among developers and programmers all over the world, at the same time it’s suitable for work and regular home users.
The software is created and retained by Canonical and available in three variations – Server, Desktop, and Core. The company releases a new version every six months whereas LTS (long-term support) release is rolled out every two years. These releases get around 5 years of security updates and software maintenance, and you can get additional five years of support for a fee.
Ubuntu uses a GNOME desktop environment, with a different number of editions to choose from including Ubuntu Budgie, Kubuntu, Ubuntu MATE, and Ubuntu Kylin. The difference between these editions is that they come with different sets of pre-installed packages and updates. Therefore, if you’re not sure about which types of apps you will need as a beginner user, then it’s best to stick with the original Ubuntu operating system and switch to other versions as per your requirements.
In consumer-grade computers, Linux isn’t available by default, so you have to set up the operating system yourself. The setup process isn’t complicated if you are experienced in installing the OS but you might face a few hiccups along the way. A great thing about this Linux distro is that it doesn’t require hi-fi hardware, you can run it on 4 GB RAM, a 2GHz dual-core processor, and a 25 GB free hard disk. The OS is available free of charge from the official website, along with the instructions on how to create a bootable stick version of Ubuntu or burn the OS onto a DVD. You can also find instructions on the website regarding creating installers if you want to switch from macOS or Windows to Linux.
When it comes to Ubuntu’s interface, the developers were more concerned about its utility rather than aesthetics. It doesn’t have all the eye-catching elements as Windows or macOS, but its simplicity may be the hook for some people as it allows easy navigation and clean UI. The process of creating a folder or file is identical to any other desktop, in addition to dragging and dropping. If you’re switching from Windows to Ubuntu, you might be thrown off guard by the absence of the bottom taskbar. The Ubuntu replacement is a top menu that accomplishes all the similar functions and displays information related to sound, date and time, battery, and network.
Ubuntu lacks in popularity in comparison to other operating systems like macOS and Windows, and this gap is evident from the fact that most device manufacturers don’t ship their products with Linux. Plus, the support for drivers isn’t easily available either which is why a lot of Linux users install Ubuntu in addition to their default OS and switch between the two when required. Ubuntu has a steep learning curve, but the low-cost factor and stability of the OS make up for that.